What is this?

This is a TinaCMS-enabled Next.js app, so you can edit your content on a live page. In this project the Tina file-based CMS is used via GraphQL: it's powered by a schema that you define. It not only serves content from Markdown files in your repository, but it also generates TinaCMS forms for you automatically ✨.


  • Run this project locally using local content within this repository.
  • Connect to Tina Cloud to benefit from its GraphQL Content API.
  • Deploy the site to visually edit your site.
  • Invite collaborators.


Fork this repository

⚠️⚠️ Start by forking the repository and then pull it down to your computer. ⚠️⚠️


ℹ️ This project uses yarn as a package manager, if yarn isn't installed on your machine, open a terminal and run npm install -g yarn

Install the project's dependencies:

yarn install

⚠️ If you'd like to use npm beware that there is no package-lock.json so we can't guarantee the dependencies are the same for you.

Run the project locally

To run the local development server:

yarn dev

This command starts the GraphQL server and the Next.js application in development mode. It also regenerates your schema types for TypeScript and GraphQL so changes to your .tina config are reflected immediately.

One of the most interesting aspects of the Tina Cloud Content API is that it doesn't actually require anything from the Cloud to work locally. Since Tina is by default a Git-backed CMS, everything can be run from your local filesystem via the CLI. :sunglasses:

This is ideal for development workflows and the API is identical to the one used in the cloud, so once you're ready to deploy your application you won't face any challenges there.

Open http://localhost:3000 in your browser to see your file-based content being loaded from the GraphQL API.

Edit content locally

We need to define some local environment variables in order to edit content with Tina.

Copy .env.local.sample to .env.local:

cp .env.local.sample .env.local

NEXT_PUBLIC_USE_LOCAL_CLIENT should be set to 1, other values can be ignored for now.

Restart your server and visit http://localhost:3000/, and click "enter edit mode" in the top right hand corner, the same page is displayed but you can notice a pencil icon at the bottom left corner.

Click to open Tina's sidebar which displays a form with fields you can edit and see update live on the page. Since we're working locally, saving results in changes to your local filesystem.

From here, you're ready to start building your own project, to read a little bit about how this project is structured, and how to modify it to make it your own, read the folder structure section below.

When you're ready to deploy your site, read on about how you can connect to Tina Cloud and make authenticated changes via our Cloud API.

NOTE: In this project there are two way to enter edit mode. You can click the "enter edit mode button" or visit /admin. You can also disable the edit button by setting NEXT_PUBLIC_SHOW_EDIT_BTN=0 in .env.local

Connect to Tina Cloud

While the fully-local development workflow is the recommended way for developers to work, you'll obviously want other editors and collaborators to be able to make changes on a hosted website with authentication.

ℹ️ Changes in edit mode show up on your home page after your site finishes a rebuild.

Register your local application with Tina Cloud

  1. Visit auth.tina.io, create an organization, and sign in. Make a note of your organization name.
  2. Create a Tina Cloud app which connects to the GitHub repository you've just forked. Once your app is created, click on the app to get to the app settings and copy the client ID.

Connect your local project with Tina Cloud

In the env.local file set:

  • NEXT_PUBLIC_ORGANIZATION_NAME to your Tina Cloud organization name
  • NEXT_PUBLIC_TINA_CLIENT_ID to the Client ID displayed in your Tina Cloud App.
  • NEXT_PUBLIC_SHOW_EDIT_BTN to 0 or 1, 0 means there is no "enter edit mode" and you will have to visit /admin to enter edit mode.

Restart your server and run yarn dev again.

Open http://localhost:3000/ and click "enter edit mode"

This time a modal asks you to authenticate through Tina Cloud. Upon success, your edits will be sent to the cloud server (and subsequently to GitHub).

Edit content

Make some edits through the sidebar and click save. Changes are saved in your GitHub repository.

Now that Tina Cloud editing is working correctly, we can deploy the site so that other team members can make edits too.

ℹ️ Gotcha: since your changes are being synced directly to Github, you'll notice that when your in non-"edit" mode your page still receive the unedited data from your local filesystem. This is mostly fine since editing with Tina Cloud is designed for hosted environments. But beware that changes to your schema may result in a mismatch between the Tina Cloud API and your local client.



Deploy with Vercel

Connect to your GitHub repository and set the same environment variables as the ones in your env.local file:


🎉 Congratulations, your site is now live!

You can test that everything is configured correctly by navigating to [your deployment URL]/, click "edit this site", log in to Tina Cloud, and making some edits. Your changes should be saved to your GitHub repository.


Deploy to Netlify

Connect to your GitHub repository, then:

  • set the build command to yarn build,
  • set the publish directory. To .next/ .

Click on advanced to add the same environment variables as the ones in your env.local file:


Copy-paste your Organization ID and Client ID.

Once you're done, click "Deploy site".

Install the "Next on Netlify" plugin in order to take advantage of server-side rendering and Next.js preview features.

Trigger a new deploy for changes to take effect.

You can test that everything is configured correctly by navigating to [your deployment URL]/, click "edit this site", log in to Tina Cloud, and making some edits. Your changes should be saved to your GitHub repository.

Starter structure

Tina Cloud Starter is a Next.js application. The file-based routing happens through the pages directory. To edit this site click the "edit this site" button. This will causes you to go into edit mode where Tina is loaded. Tina is only loaded in edit mode so it will not effect the production bundle size.


This page can be seen at http://localhost:3000/, it loads the content from a markdown file which can be found in this repository at /content/marketing-pages/index.md. You can edit this page at by clicking the "enter edit mode" button in the top right hand corner

We wrap the site in a small EditProvider component, that stores whether or not we are in edit mode in React state and localstorage. When we are in edit mode it triggers authentication when needed, and then one is in edit mode.

What makes this possible is getStaticProps: you can notice that every editable page exports a query prop and a data prop from getStaticProps. When we are not in editMode we use the data prop to render the site. When we are in edit mode we use the query to fetch the latest data from Tina Cloud and create the sidebar form.


The posts are stored in the content/posts directory of this repository, and their routes are built with getStaticPaths dynamically at build time. To go in edit mode, click the "edit this site" button. This re-renders your site by wrapping it when a TinaProvider component, this only happens in edit mode to make sure Tina is not added to your production bundle.


Most of the components in this project are very basic and are for demonstration purposes, feel free to replace them with something of your own!

Content Modeling

With Tina Cloud there's no need to build forms manually like you would with TinaCMS. Instead, you're required to define a schema which acts as the single source of truth for the shape and structure of your content.

This is set up for you in ./.tina/schema.ts, let's break down what this function is doing:

import { defineSchema } from "tina-graphql-gateway-cli";

export default defineSchema({
  collections: [
      label: "Blog Posts",
      name: "posts",
      path: "content/posts",
      templates: [
          label: "Article",
          name: "article",
          fields: [
              type: "text",
              label: "Title",
              name: "title",
              type: "reference",
              label: "Author",
              name: "author",
              collection: "authors",


Be sure this is your default export from this file, we'll validate the schema and build out the GraphQL API with it.


The top-level key in the schema is an array of collections, a collection informs the API about where to save content. You can see from the example that a posts document would be stored in content/posts, and it can be the shape of any template from the templates key.


Templates are responsible for defining the shape of your content, you'll see in the schema for this starter that we use templates for collections as well as blocks. If you look at the landingPage template, you'll notice that it has a set of blocks, which are also templates.

Local development workflow tips


A good way to ensure your components match the shape of your data is to leverage the auto-generated TypeScript types. These are rebuilt when your .tina config changes.

Visual Studio Code

GraphQL extension

Tina Cloud generates your GraphQL schema automatically. 🪄

Install GraphQL extension to benefit from type auto-completion.

Forestry Schema extension

Install Forestry extension to lint your YAML-based content models.

Explore the GraphQL API

If you have a GraphQL client like Altair go to http://localhost:4001/graphql to learn more about our GraphQL API.

Getting Help

Tina Cloud is in public alpha, you might face issues, to provide feedback or get help with any challenges you may have:


Licensed under the Apache 2.0 license.